Are you ready for the most intelligent opportuniti

2022-08-07
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Are vocational education ready for the opportunities and challenges of intelligence?

intelligence is an important feature of the fourth industrial revolution, the basic direction of the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, and the fundamental path for countries to enhance their international competitiveness. The competition of manufacturing industry increasingly depends on the competition of talents. Talents are fundamental to seize the intelligent opportunities of manufacturing industry. Technical and skilled talents are the key input elements to realize the production practice of intelligent manufacturing, and they are an indispensable type of talents. Vocational education, as the main body of training technical talents, should take the initiative to grasp opportunities, actively meet challenges, comprehensively improve the quality of talent training, and help the intelligent upgrading of China's manufacturing industry

technical and skilled talents are an important guarantee to seize the initiative of manufacturing intelligence.

vocational education, as an important part of realizing the effective supply of technical and skilled talents, plays a key role in the renewal and iteration of manufacturing production mode and the technological innovation of the industry, and is an indispensable core force to promote the intelligent development of manufacturing industry

manufacturing is the basic industry of the national economy and plays an irreplaceable role in economic development. With the arrival of the fourth industrial revolution, intelligence has become the basic direction of manufacturing transformation. Developed countries are committed to maintaining the leading position of the manufacturing industry by taking advantage of the deep integration of industrialization and informatization. In recent years, China's manufacturing industry has advanced by leaps and bounds. It has not only achieved the world's largest output scale, but also achieved major technological and industrial breakthroughs in rail transit, communication equipment and other fields. Xiaoyaqing, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, wrote on October 9 that in 2019, China's manufacturing added value accounted for 28.1% of the world's total, maintaining its position as the world's largest manufacturing country for 10 consecutive years. By june2020, the CNC rate of key processes of enterprises in key areas of China's manufacturing industry and the popularity of digital R & D and design tools have reached 51.1% and 71.5% respectively. However, with the increasing international competition, China's manufacturing industry is large but not strong, the lack of core technology and other serious problems, and the status of a manufacturing power is still under great impact. Therefore, actively improving the intelligent level of made in China is the inevitable requirement of industrial transformation and upgrading, and also the fundamental path to promote the modernization process and enhance international competitiveness

talents are fundamental to industrial development. The competition of intelligent manufacturing industry increasingly depends on the competition of talents. Human capital is the key input factor to realize intelligent manufacturing from theoretical innovation to production practice. The intelligent transformation of manufacturing industry requires not only top-notch innovative talents to achieve high-end scientific and technological breakthroughs, but also technical and skilled talents to achieve rapid application and efficient output in the production line. As an important part of the effective supply of technical talents, vocational education plays a key role in the process of updating and iterating the production mode of the manufacturing industry and technological innovation of the industry. It is an indispensable core force to promote the intelligent development of the manufacturing industry

Sunzhen photo of industrial robot technology training base of Gansu electromechanical vocational and technical college/bright picture

intelligent development of manufacturing industry provides guidance and direction for the training of technical talents

the new production mode requires technical and technical personnel to have a new technical skill system and cognitive ability, which forces vocational education to carry out the reform of education mode, focusing on cultivating students' innovation ability Information acquisition and integration ability and lifelong learning ability

every industrial revolution in history will give birth to new educational forms and development models, and also promote the spontaneous generation of reform momentum within education. Manufacturing intelligence is an important feature of the fourth industrial revolution. Its development needs provide a reform direction for the training of technical talents:

the training objectives of technical talents have changed. Manufacturing intelligence is a production process that realizes the collection of traditional manufacturing and information physical systems through the high integration of new generation information technology and advanced manufacturing technology. As a result, the production mode of decentralization, personalization and specialization requires technical and skilled personnel to have a new technical skill system and cognitive ability. Instead, vocational education is forced to reform the education mode, focusing on cultivating students' innovation ability, information acquisition and integration ability and lifelong learning ability in the process of education and teaching

the educational level of technical talents needs to be improved. An important feature of manufacturing intelligence is that repetitive and low-tech jobs are gradually replaced by intelligent equipment and systems, and human consumption is greatly reduced. The high integration with informatization in the intelligent production process and the improvement of process optimization require that the skilled workers in the production line have a more diverse knowledge structure, complex operation skills and a solid theoretical foundation. To some extent, this requires accelerating the upgrading of the labor structure in the manufacturing sector, improving the educational level, and accelerating the training of higher-level technical and skilled talents

rapid job change requires dynamic adjustment of disciplines. In the era of manufacturing intelligence, a large number of new products and services have been created. At the same time, new career directions, such as robot operation and maintenance and Industrial Data Engineer, have also been derived. More freelancers and part-time jobs have emerged in the form of employment, and professional cooperation has also been more embodied in the content of work. There is a huge gap between supply and demand of emerging jobs generated by the intelligent manufacturing industry, which requires vocational colleges to accurately grasp the professional direction and timely adjust and update the professional chain according to the changes of the manufacturing industry chain, so as to achieve a qualitative leap in the performance, quality and production efficiency of intelligent products

the gold content of technical skills should be effectively increased. The emergence and fermentation of intelligent leading technologies will lead to the emergence of technology clusters, which will run through the whole life cycle of product design, production, sales and service, and will have a strong substitution effect on the labor force. The posts composed of repetitive and procedural tasks will be replaced by low-cost technologies, but it highlights the importance of highly complex and intelligent technical talents. This requires employees to break through the low-end lock of the manufacturing value chain and enhance the division of labor position in the global value chain by increasing the gold content of technical skills

the contradiction between the training of technical and skilled talents and the development needs highlights

for a long time, students and parents of Vocational Colleges in China have misunderstood the professional development and professional promotion of the manufacturing industry. They believe that the manufacturing industry has the characteristics of repeated work, labor-intensive, low wage level, single promotion channel, low educational level and poor working environment. Many jobs in the manufacturing industry are considered to lack development prospects

with the gradual deepening of the intellectualization of China's manufacturing industry, the lack of talents has undoubtedly become a huge barrier to development, especially the contradiction between the training of technical talents and the development needs. Specifically, it can be summarized as follows:

the talent training mode lags behind obviously. At present, the talent training mode of Vocational Education in China is still relatively traditional and conservative, with teachers' classroom teaching as the core. The emerging teaching methods are still immature and have not been widely adopted. The application of new models and new technologies in the field of intelligent manufacturing is still in its infancy. In addition, the trend of manufacturing intelligence needs to further increase professional integration, and there is an urgent need to explore the interdisciplinary education model

the specialty layout structure was not adjusted in time. Manufacturing Intelligence emphasizes process and cross-border integration, and involves multi specialty cross substitution. Dynamic adjustment is a key step to meet the needs of intelligent talents. Vocational colleges have a lack of awareness and slow pace of specialty adjustment, the specialty setting is seriously out of line with the development needs, and the teaching content cannot be closely connected with the production line. From the perspective of the current professional setting of vocational education, it is common that the professional setting is too narrow and the job matching is single. Some low-cost majors are set too much, and some scarce majors are even blank, which can not meet the rigid needs of the intelligent development of the manufacturing industry

the integration of industry and education is not deep enough. The intelligent manufacturing industry does not need a large number of labors to carry out intensive production in the workshop. The requirements for technical and skilled talents have also changed from applying knowledge, technology and skills to solving relatively deterministic problems to uncertainty. To face more complex technical problems in the actual production environment, the core requirement is to achieve a high level of integration of production and education. At present, the integration of production and education is a mere formality, unsustainable, lack of system and other problems are common. The knowledge students receive in class and the production technology they have been trained in the past two years are quite different from the front line, so it is difficult to adapt to the job requirements in practical work

manufacturing related majors are not attractive. In recent years, although the number of graduates of relevant majors in the manufacturing industry has increased year by year, the proportion of serving the secondary industry is still small, especially the lack of top talents in major key technical links in the advanced manufacturing industry. For a long time, students and parents of Vocational Colleges in China have misunderstood the professional development and professional promotion of the manufacturing industry. They believe that the manufacturing industry has the characteristics of repeated work, labor-intensive, low wage level, single promotion channel, low educational level, poor working environment and so on. Many jobs in the manufacturing industry are considered to lack development prospects

focusing on big vocational education, systematically promote the reform of talent training in the field of intelligent manufacturing industry

looking forward to the 14th five year plan, making the comprehensive integration of talent training mode and intelligent manufacturing industry has become an urgent reform task of vocational education, which needs to be adjusted and improved by various means

the change of talent demand generated by the intelligent trend of manufacturing industry provides new challenges for vocational education to improve the governance system and promote the reform and innovation of levels, majors and teachers. Looking forward to the 14th five year plan, it has become an urgent reform task for vocational education to fully integrate the talent training mode with the intelligentization of manufacturing industry, which needs to be adjusted and improved by various means

strengthen the innovative concept and consciousness, and systematically promote the talent training reform in the intelligent field of manufacturing industry, which aims at 1. Affirming the safety and pressure resistance of cartons and the standardization of quality indicators. In terms of policy and institutional guarantee, we will give appropriate preference, increase investment in major projects and key projects in the field of intelligent technical and skilled personnel training in the manufacturing industry, and create a number of leading vocational colleges related to intelligent manufacturing. Establish an institutional mechanism to ensure the growth of teachers in the intelligent professional field of manufacturing industry, ensure that high-quality teacher resources continue to remain in the vocational education system, and ensure that the talent training mode can keep up with the pace of scientific and technological development. Innovate the dynamic integrated development and integrated teaching mode of related majors, create more technical courses and learning plans, and help students cope with the challenges in real production and innovate manufacturing technology

highlight the characteristics of type education and accelerate the development of undergraduate level vocational education. Developing higher vocational education at the undergraduate level is an urgent requirement for the intelligent transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry, and it is also the successful experience of the development of Vocational Education in developed countries. Accelerate the construction of undergraduate vocational education focusing on serving the advanced manufacturing industry, carry out systematic planning in many fields, such as school system, degree, enrollment and examination system, management system, school setting, etc., and strive to promote and apply new manufacturing technologies, provide training and growth channels for intelligent high-level technical talents in the manufacturing industry, and enhance the attractiveness of manufacturing related majors

strengthen open school running and realize higher-level, deeper and more comprehensive integration of industry and education. Guided by the demand for intelligent talents in the manufacturing industry, implement the integration of industry and education into talent training

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