The hottest flat glass and other industries with e

2022-10-19
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The industries with excess capacity such as flat glass were eliminated, and the investment growth rate fell.

in the first half of the year, the country eliminated backward production capacity aggressively, and the effect was initially shown: the investment growth rate of industries with excess capacity such as cement and flat glass fell sharply. The Ministry of industry and information technology said that it was expected that by the end of this year, 69million tons of iron making, 75million tons of steel making, 560million tons of cement and 150million weight boxes of flat glass would be eliminated, and the original elimination task of the 12th Five year plan would be completed one year ahead of schedule

flat glass

why has the elimination of backward production capacity become the "top priority" in adjusting the industrial structure? How to give consideration to the role of market and government in this process? What positive impact will the elimination of backward production capacity have on China's economy in the transition period

with a loud explosion after the Spring Festival this year, a cement plant, production line, drying line and other production equipment built with an investment of 24million in Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, were all blown up in more than ten seconds. Seeing the plant built by oneself disappear in front of us, Qiu Xian, general manager of Hebei Hengda Xin company, couldn't help but shed tears

look at the haze now. You have to respond to the Taiwan policy. It's not just me. Your personal interests and social interests conflict, so you can only step back

Pingshan County and Luquan City in Hebei Province were once famous cement industry concentration areas. One year's cement output is enough for Shijiazhuang, the provincial capital, to use for two or three years. The excess capacity of wood-based panel stretching, tightening and zigzag fixtures leads to low enterprise efficiency, resource consumption and environmental pollution. Therefore, Hebei has resolved overcapacity with the determination of "breaking the wrists of a strong man"

fan Shixiong, director of Pingshan County Bureau of industry and information technology: after the demolition of these enterprises today, we now have no cement plant except to retain a special cement

the scene in Hebei, a major industrial province, is only a microcosm of the country's efforts to resolve overcapacity. Why should the country raise the resolution of overcapacity to the strategic height of "industrial structure adjustment and transformation of economic development mode"? Huang Qunhui, director of the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, explained that at the end of 2012, the capacity utilization rate of China's steel, cement, electrolytic aluminum, flat glass and shipbuilding was less than 75%, significantly lower than the national @9. Note: if you need to convert the unit value of pneumatic value, press the unit conversion key to convert to the international normal level. In particular, due to the improper intervention of some local governments, overcapacity has exceeded the normal scope of market competition

in this case, if effective measures are not taken in time, it will not only aggravate the vicious competition in the market, expand the loss area of the industry, and affect the healthy development of the industry, but also cause some problems such as the unemployment of enterprise employees, the increase of some non-performing assets of financial institutions, and even affect the overall situation of improving our people's livelihood and social stability

in order to adjust the industrial structure, since this year, many departments have jointly formulated and promulgated the implementation measures for capacity replacement in some industries with serious overcapacity. At the same time, the State Council has issued the opinions on further optimizing the merger and reorganization of enterprises, which shows that the quality of the experimental machine is reliable and the market environment. Feng Fei, director of the industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that as an invisible hand, the market plays an important role

because it is not the government that can decide, we have a good intention, but the real subject of merger and reorganization is not the government's "matchmaking". Rely on administrative means to promote, there is no timetable, the market to decide

as a visible "hand", policy regulation also plays an irreplaceable role in resolving overcapacity. The Ministry of industry and information technology recently announced the list of leading industrial industries to eliminate backward and overcapacity enterprises this year, and directly "named" 1181 enterprises in 15 industries involved in the elimination, without ambiguity. Among them, 381 enterprises led the cement industry. The Ministry of industry and information technology clearly required that the production lines of enterprises in the list should be completely dismantled and eliminated by the end of this year, and should not be transferred to other regions. Spokesman of the Ministry of industry and information technology and director of the Bureau of operation monitoring and coordination

we have taken the initiative to resolve overcapacity, strengthen the elimination of backwardness and accelerate the merger and reorganization of enterprises. In this regard, this year, we have broken down and implemented the tasks of eliminating backward capacity and reducing excess capacity in 2014, continued to promote industrial technological transformation, transformation and upgrading, and strictly controlled the new capacity of industries with serious overcapacity

Huang Qunhui took resolving the excess capacity of steel as an example. He said that the original standard for judging the backward capacity of steel was the capacity of blast furnace, but now the international development trend is to look at energy consumption, pollution and safety indicators. The government needs to adopt policies to guide industrial upgrading and resolve overcapacity

the government is also using effective means, and this effective means is based on standards and industrial policies to guide these work and resolve overcapacity. Even in the process of operation, if we adhere to the effective combination of the market and the government, we should achieve a good state of solving the contradiction of overcapacity in the future

in recent years, what has been the effect of continuously promoting the resolution of overcapacity? Zheng Lixin, a spokesman for the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that it was expected that by the end of this year, 69million tons of iron making, 75million tons of steel making, 560million tons of cement and 150million weight boxes of flat glass would be eliminated, and the original elimination task of the 12th Five Year plan would be completed one year ahead of schedule

in the first half of the year, the growth rate of investment in industries with serious overcapacity fell. Investment in steel and non-ferrous smelting fell by 12.8% and 7.3% respectively. Investment in cement and flat glass industries fell by 9.7 percentage points and 4% respectively. The growth rate of coal industry and metallurgical industry decreased by 3.8 and 3.4 percentage points compared with the same period last year

with the shutdown of some local steel and cement enterprises, the economic development speed of some places has also decreased significantly. In the first half of this year, Hebei's GDP grew by only 5.8%, and the contribution of industry to economic growth was 45.1%, a sharp drop of more than 20% year-on-year. In this regard, Zhang Liqun, a researcher from the Macroeconomic Research Department of the development research center of the State Council, believes that China's economy, after more than 30 years of rapid growth, now needs to improve quality and efficiency. In the first half of the year, the industrial growth rate increased by 8.8% year-on-year, 9% over the same period last year. The growth rate of 3% has decreased slightly, but after resolving the "pain" of overcapacity, China's economy will reach a new level

the way of China's economic development must be changed. Whether it is good to change from the past is a more important stage of China's economic development, moving towards the gold content of unit GDP. Therefore, at this time, the most important thing for China's economic development is not the high and low growth rate. Of course, it is impossible to have no speed, but the improvement of growth quality and connotation

China glass () Department

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