The most popular renewable energy quota system and

2022-07-28
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Renewable energy quota system and development and Prospect of green power certificate

renewable energy power has the characteristics of carbon free, clean, environmental protection and renewable. The development of renewable energy is an inevitable requirement of the global energy revolution and green low-carbon development. China has promised the world that by 2020 and 2030, the proportion of non fossil energy in primary energy consumption will reach 15% and 20% respectively, and carbon emissions will reach a peak in 2030. The establishment of renewable energy quota system (hereinafter referred to as "quota system") and green power certificate (hereinafter referred to as "green certificate") trading system is an important way for China to promote the development of renewable energy, promote the reform of energy system and achieve the goal of non fossil energy consumption

I. international experience

(I) quota system and green card trading are important means to promote the healthy development of renewable energy

renewable energy quota system means that the government makes mandatory provisions on the market share of renewable energy power in the form of laws and regulations, and the subject who fails to fulfill the quota obligation needs to pay corresponding fines, so as to achieve the purpose of increasing the utilization proportion of renewable energy. The green certificate trading system is generally regarded as an important supporting system of the quota system in the world. The government needs to issue green certificates corresponding to the amount of electricity it supplies to renewable energy power generation enterprises. Quota obligatory subjects can prove the completion of quota goals by purchasing green certificates from power generation enterprises. The purpose of introducing green card transaction mainly includes two aspects: one is to make the quota subject more flexible in completing quota. Due to the volatility of renewable energy resources and the unbalanced development among regions, and the quota system is an administrative means with single assessment standard and strong compulsion, the introduction of market-oriented transactions can provide diversified choices for the quota obligatory subjects to complete the quota method; Second, find the price through the market and promote the technological progress of renewable energy. Compared with the way that the fixed electricity price system provides fixed subsidies through administrative means, green card trading mainly provides additional income for renewable energy through market means. Its price is formed by the market, which is conducive to promoting the technological progress and cost reduction of renewable energy

at present, more than 20 countries including Britain, Australia, Sweden, Japan and South Korea, as well as 29 states in the United States and Washington, D.C., have implemented quota system policies. Some of the subjects undertaking the compulsory quota are power selling enterprises (such as most states in the United States and the United Kingdom), and some are power generation enterprises (such as South Korea). International experience shows that quota system and green card trading are one of the important means to promote the sustainable and healthy development of renewable energy industry. The UK has implemented the quota system since 2002. By the end of 2017, the proportion of renewable energy power generation has increased from less than 2% to more than 25%; The vast majority of the States implementing the quota system in the United States have successfully fulfilled their quota obligations on schedule, which has greatly promoted the development of the wind power and solar power industries; Since the implementation of the quota system in 2012, the installed capacity of solar power generation in South Korea has increased by more than 100% annually for three consecutive years, rapidly becoming the third largest photovoltaic market in Asia after China and Japan

(II) voluntary subscription of green certificates is an important way for the public to practice environmental protection public welfare activities.

in addition to the compulsory transaction of green certificates, individuals and enterprises with economic affordability and environmental protection awareness can purchase green certificates voluntarily to support the development of renewable energy. At present, dozens of countries and regions such as the United States, Japan and the European Union have provided voluntary trading channels for green certificates. In Europe and the United States and other countries, the consumption of green power has become a common practice, and has become an important way for the public to practice environmental protection public welfare activities. International well-known enterprises attach great importance to the consumption of green electricity. By the end of 2017, more than 122 enterprises in the world had promised to use 100% renewable energy power in the future

II. The development of China's quota system and green card trading

(I) the quota system is about to be introduced

China has studied the implementation plan of the quota system for many times. In recent years, the state has mentioned "research and development of renewable energy power quota system" several times in a series of important policy documents, such as the decision on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries and the strategic action plan for energy development (year), especially for the auto parts industry. In november2017, the national development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the implementation plan for solving the problem of water, wind and light abandonment, and proposed that the implementation of quotas should be an important institutional measure to solve the problem of "three abandonments". At present, the renewable energy power quota and assessment measures has been solicited for comments for the first time and is expected to be issued before the end of 2018. The quota system is a major, complex and wide-ranging policy in the renewable energy industry. It is expected that after its introduction, it will promote the healthy development of the renewable energy industry from the aspects of consumption, operation and subsidies

1. The renewable energy consumption of local governments and market players will be defined. At present, China's non fossil energy consumption proportion target and renewable energy planning target only stay at the level of central planning, and the and obligations of local governments and market players in the development of renewable energy are not clear enough. The quota system can significantly improve the enthusiasm of local governments and market players to develop and consume renewable energy by formulating the proportion indicators of renewable energy consumption by provinces and assessing the completion of quota obligations of market players

2. it will promote the effective implementation of the policy of full guaranteed purchase of renewable energy. China has issued the policy of full guaranteed purchase of renewable energy, but it still lacks relevant supporting policies. The introduction of the quota system can provide a strong starting point for the implementation of the full guaranteed purchase policy of renewable energy, and ensure that renewable energy gives priority to power generation

3. It will accelerate the decline of the electricity price subsidy of the experimental data source made in the future due to the clearance of the screw rod. With the large-scale development of new energy, the demand for new energy subsidies is growing rapidly. By implementing the quota system and green card trading system, new energy power generation enterprises can be given some additional economic compensation, so as to effectively reduce the demand for subsidy funds and promote the realization of parity of new energy

(II) the voluntary subscription of green certificates has achieved initial results

China implements a fixed electricity price policy for renewable energy. The upper electricity price is determined by the government, and there is no problem that the government's price is higher than the standard experiment. The part of the local coal-fired benchmark electricity price is subsidized by the renewable energy fund. With the support of the national electricity price subsidy policy, China's renewable energy industry has developed rapidly and played an important role in increasing the proportion of non fossil energy consumption. However, with the development of China's economy, the public's awareness of environmental protection has gradually increased. The way of collecting renewable energy subsidies from power users in the whole society in accordance with unified standards can not reflect the differences of different enterprises and individuals' understanding of green environmental protection. Although some enterprises and individuals with a strong sense of society are willing to support the development of renewable energy, they do not have official authoritative channels for independent support

in order to guide the whole society to consume green power, improve the subsidy mechanism for wind power and photovoltaic power generation, and broaden the source of renewable energy subsidy funds, in January 2017, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the Energy Administration jointly issued the notice on Piloting the renewable energy green power certificate issuance and voluntary subscription transaction system (fgny [2017] No. 132), It is clear that the voluntary subscription system for green certificates will be piloted nationwide from July 2017

by the end of July 2018, the cumulative number of green certificates issued in China had reached 22.88 million, the cumulative number of subscriptions was nearly 30000, and the subsidy expenditure for renewable energy had been reduced by about 5million yuan. From the perspective of green card subscribers, they include not only China's new energy manufacturing industry, government agencies, Internet enterprises, multinational energy using enterprises and international research institutions, but also the public from all walks of life. They practice the concept of green consumption with practical actions and are truly green electricity consumption pioneers

from the overall situation of the trial implementation, the voluntary subscription of green certificates in China has achieved preliminary results. First, a green card issuance system has been established to specify the environmental benefits of clean energy and effectively release the development potential of renewable energy; Second, a voluntary subscription system for green certificates has been established, which provides new choices for energy consumers and a convenient channel for all sectors of society that uphold the concept of green consumption and care about green development; Third, it has accumulated rich experience in the implementation of the system, creating favorable conditions for the full implementation of the green card trading system in the next step

III. situation and outlook

at present, China's renewable energy technology continues to make progress, and the electricity price drops rapidly. The main challenge in promoting the parity of wind power and photovoltaic power is gradually transformed into improving the external environment. The main purpose of implementing the quota system and the compulsory trading of green certificates at this stage is to solve the problem of renewable energy consumption. Bayer materials technology is actively developing innovative adhesive solutions that meet the lightweight design of the future automotive industry. At the same time, it is replacing a small amount of subsidies and implementing the voluntary subscription of green certificates as a supplement to the source of renewable energy subsidies

in the future, as renewable energy power generation enters the era of parity, China's compulsory green card trading and voluntary green card subscription will eventually be unified and become renewable energy consumption vouchers, providing additional income for renewable energy power. At that time, the price of green certificates will drop significantly, and the development space of green certificate market will be broader

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